Phillip Harding's Athens Transformed, 404–262 BC: From Popular Sovereignty to PDF

By Phillip Harding

During the heady, democratic days of the 5th and fourth centuries, the poorer contributors of Athenian society, the reduce sessions of zeugitai and thetes, enjoyed an extraordinary dominance in either family and overseas politics. At domestic, the participatory nature of the structure required their presence not just within the lawcourts and meeting, but in addition in many of the minor magistracies; out of the country, they have been the motive force of the army, which ensured Athens’ keep an eye on of the Aegean and the Black seas. Their participation in any respect degrees used to be made attainable through country pay (for jury accountability, attendance within the meeting, public place of work and army service). within the 5th century nation pay used to be financed mostly during the tribute paid by way of individuals of the empire, supplemented by way of the liturgical contributions of the wealthy and, starting through the conflict, a estate tax (the eisphora). within the fourth century, nearly the complete burden used to be shouldered through taxation upon the rich, particularly those that owned estate.

In this publication, writer Phillip Harding lines the main adjustments that happened within the management of the kingdom that at last disadvantaged the reduce periods in their supremacy and transferred energy into the arms of the rich land-owners. issues replaced substantially after Athens’ defeat within the Lamian (or Hellenic) conflict in 322BC. Over the following a number of a long time, limit of the franchise, removal of pay for a few public workplaces, the lack of the army, the elevated dependence upon neighborhood grain from the bigger estates in Attika, the elimination of the tax burden from the wealthy by means of the finishing of such significant liturgies because the trierarchia and the choregia and the leaving behind of the eisphora all contributed to this variation.

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Athens Transformed, 404–262 BC: From Popular Sovereignty to the Dominion of Wealth (Routledge Monographs in Classical Studies) by Phillip Harding

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