Phillip Harding's Athens Transformed, 404–262 BC: From Popular Sovereignty to PDF

By Phillip Harding

During the heady, democratic days of the 5th and fourth centuries, the poorer contributors of Athenian society, the reduce sessions of zeugitai and thetes, enjoyed an extraordinary dominance in either family and overseas politics. At domestic, the participatory nature of the structure required their presence not just within the lawcourts and meeting, but in addition in many of the minor magistracies; out of the country, they have been the motive force of the army, which ensured Athens’ keep an eye on of the Aegean and the Black seas. Their participation in any respect degrees used to be made attainable through country pay (for jury accountability, attendance within the meeting, public place of work and army service). within the 5th century nation pay used to be financed mostly during the tribute paid by way of individuals of the empire, supplemented by way of the liturgical contributions of the wealthy and, starting through the conflict, a estate tax (the eisphora). within the fourth century, nearly the complete burden used to be shouldered through taxation upon the rich, particularly those that owned estate.



In this publication, writer Phillip Harding lines the main adjustments that happened within the management of the kingdom that at last disadvantaged the reduce periods in their supremacy and transferred energy into the arms of the rich land-owners. issues replaced substantially after Athens’ defeat within the Lamian (or Hellenic) conflict in 322BC. Over the following a number of a long time, limit of the franchise, removal of pay for a few public workplaces, the lack of the army, the elevated dependence upon neighborhood grain from the bigger estates in Attika, the elimination of the tax burden from the wealthy by means of the finishing of such significant liturgies because the trierarchia and the choregia and the leaving behind of the eisphora all contributed to this variation.

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Deborah Heinen's Die Parapresbeia-Rede des Demosthenes (Rede XIX) und das PDF

By Deborah Heinen

Fachbuch aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, notice: 1,0, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (Geschichtswissenschaft), Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die vorliegende Arbeit thematisiert die 19. Rede des Demosthenes, die sogenannte Parapresbeia-Rede, unter Einbeziehung der Rolle des Gesandtschaftswesens in der griechischen Antike. Der Parapresbeia-Prozess conflict für Demosthenes von großer Bedeutung, denn warfare er in den Jahren zuvor noch recht unbekannt gewesen , so stieg er in den Jahren nach dem Prozess zu einem der führenden Staatsmänner Athens auf und befand sich 341 v. Chr. auf dem Höhepunkt seiner Karriere.

Zunächst wird dem Leser der vorliegenden Arbeit ein grober Überblick über das Leben und die Werke des Demosthenes gegeben. Anschließend wird der historische und politische Kontext der Parapresbeia-Rede näher erläutert, sowie einzelne wesentliche Charakteristika der Rede selbst. Abschließend wird das Gesandtschaftswesen im antiken Athen beschrieben und die wichtigsten Aspekte der Rede sowie des Gesandtschaftswesens in deren Kontext zusammengefasst. Es sei an dieser Stelle angemerkt, dass die vorliegende Arbeit lediglich einen groben Überblick über die Rede und ihren Kontext liefern soll, sodass die Darstellung der Ereignisse und der Merkmale der Rede nicht detailliert behandelt werden.

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Burkhard Werner's Die Messenischen Kriege (German Edition) PDF

By Burkhard Werner

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, word: 2-3, Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (Institut für Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Sparta in archaischer und klassischer Zeit , 14 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die Geschichte Spartas ist in der letzten Zeit wieder mehr in das Auge der Historiker gerückt. Dies warfare mit unter auch einer der Gründe, weshalb am Lehrstuhl für Alte Geschichte 2003 ein Seminar über Sparta in archaischer und klassischer Zeit abgehalten wurde.
Teil dieses Seminars waren natürlich auch die Messenischen Kriege, die als eine spartanische paintings der Kolonisation gesehen werden, da Sparta nur die Kolonie Tarent außerhalb Griechenlands gründete. Ferner werden die Veränderungen im Heereswesen Spartas betrachtet, die auf Grund von verschiedenen Veränderungen der Gegner Spartas nötig wurden.
Für diese Arbeit wurden verschiedene antike Autoren als Quellen verwendet. So unter anderem auch Pausanias und Herodot. Dazu wurden auch Meinungen führender Althistoriker wie Cartledge oder Parker betrachtet.

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Get Die Kupferzeit Südosteuropas (German Edition) PDF

By Laura Geyer

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, notice: 2,0, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Nachdem lange eine autochthone Entwicklung einer Kupfer- und vor allem Bronzemetallurgie in mehreren Entwicklungszentren angezweifelt wurde, verdichten sich vor allem in den letzten Jahren die Belege für eine bereits von RENFREW (1969) angenommene Autonomie der Kupferzeit Südosteuropas. Schon das 1972 entdeckte Gräberfeld von Varna erregte mit seinem ungeheuren Reichtum an Goldfunden breites Interesse in der Forschung. Ebenfalls in den siebziger Jahren fand guy bei Surveys zwei kupferzeitliche Bergwerke im Balkan Serbiens und Bulgariens. Weitere Entdeckungen folgten, die auf eine sehr frühe Entstehung der Kupfermetallurgie auf der Balkanhalbinsel hinwiesen, 2010 konnte dann auch die bis dahin bezweifelte Existenz eines Verhüttungszentrums nachgewiesen werden (RADIVOJEVIĆ ET AL. 2010). Jedoch finden sich in der Kupferzeit der Balkanhalbinsel nicht nur technologische Neuerungen, auch in sozialer Hinsicht zeigen sich tiefgreifende Veränderungen, die sich in Grabbeigaben und Architektur widerspiegeln. Im Folgenden sollen demnach nicht nur die metallurgischen und technologischen Innovationen der südosteuropäischen Kupferzeit vorgestellt werden, sondern vor allem ihre Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaftsstruktur der damaligen Zeit, soweit dies in den archäologischen Funden nachzuvollziehen ist.

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Download PDF by Gareth Sampson: Crisis of Rome: The Jugurthine and Northern Wars and the

By Gareth Sampson

within the later 2d century BC, after a interval of fast enlargement and conquest, the Roman Republic stumbled on itself in concern. In North Africa her armies have been already slowed down in an extended tricky guerrilla battle in a harsh atmosphere whilst invasion through a coalition of Germanic tribes, the Cimbri, Teutones and Ambrones, threatened Italy and Rome itself, causing painful defeats on Roman forces in pitched conflict Gaius Marius was once the fellow of the hour. the 1st battle he dropped at an finish via tactical brilliance, bringing the Numidian King Jugurtha again in chains. sooner than his send even back to Italy, the senate elected Marius to guide the conflict opposed to the northern invaders. Reorganizing and reinvigorating the demoralized Roman legions, he led them to 2 amazing victories within the area of months, crushing the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquiae Sextae and the Cimbri at Vercellae. The Roman military emerged from this era of difficulty a miles leaner and extra expert strength and the writer examines the level to which the 'Marian Reforms' have been liable for this and the level to which they are often attributed to Marius himself.

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Aeschylus and War: Comparative Perspectives on Seven Against - download pdf or read online

By Isabelle Torrance

This quantity brings jointly a gaggle of interdisciplinary specialists who show that Aeschylus’?Seven opposed to Thebes?is a textual content of continuous relevance and cost for exploring old, modern and comparative problems with conflict and its attendant trauma. the quantity positive factors contributions from a world forged of specialists, in addition to a talk with a retired U.S. military Lt. Col., giving her views at the mixing of fact and fiction in Aeschylus’ battle tragedies and at the strength of Greek tragedy to talk to modern veterans. This e-book is an engaging source for an individual drawn to Aeschylus, Greek tragedy and its reception, and struggle literature.

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Read e-book online Cretomania: Modern Desires for the Minoan Past (British PDF

By Alexandre Farnoux

considering the fact that its rediscovery within the early twentieth century, via extraordinary unearths corresponding to these by way of Sir Arthur Evans at Knossos, Minoan Crete has captured the mind's eye not just of archaeologists but in addition of a much wider public. this is often proven, between different issues, through its visual appeal and makes use of in quite a few glossy cultural practices: from the cutting edge dances of Sergei Diaghilev and Ted Shawn, to public and vernacular structure, psychoanalysis, literature, sculpture, type designs, or even neo-pagan routine, to say a couple of examples.Cretomania is the 1st quantity fullyyt dedicated to such sleek responses to (and makes use of of) the Minoan previous. even though no longer an exhaustive and systematic examine of the reception of Minoan Crete, it deals quite a lot of exciting examples and represents an unique contribution to a to date underexplored point of Minoan reports: the striking results of Minoan Crete past the slender limitations of recondite archaeological research.The quantity is organised in 3 major sections: the 1st offers with the unsleeping, subconscious, and coincidental allusions to Minoan Crete in smooth structure, and in addition discusses archaeological reconstructions; the second one offers examples from the visible and acting arts (as good as different cultural practices) illustrating how Minoan Crete has been enlisted to discover and problem questions of Orientalism, faith, sexuality, and gender kin; the 3rd makes a speciality of literature, and indicates how the far-off Minoan previous has been used to interrogate seriously newer Greek history.

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Read e-book online Procopius and the Sixth Century PDF

By Averil Cameron

initially released by means of Duckworth and the collage of California Press, Procopius is now to be had for the 1st time in paperback. Professor Cameron emphasises the fundamental solidarity of Procopius' 3 works and, ranging from the `minor' ones, demonstrates their intimate reference to the Wars. Procopius' writings are obvious to contain a refined complete; provided that they're understood during this approach can their ancient price be safely preferred. the result's a brand new review of Procopius that allows you to be significant to any destiny historical past of the 6th century.

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A Commentary on Numbers: Narrative, Ritual, and Colonialism - download pdf or read online

By Pekka Pitkänen

This booklet presents a brand new interpreting of the biblical booklet of Numbers in a statement shape. Mainstream readings have tended to work out the publication as a haphazard junkyard of fabric that connects Genesis–Leviticus with Deuteronomy (and Joshua), composed at a past due degree within the background of historic Israel. By distinction, this booklet reads Numbers as a part of a much broader paintings of Genesis–Joshua, a delicately crafted programmatic settler colonial rfile for a brand new society in Canaanite highlands within the past due moment millennium BCE that seeks to exchange pre-existing indigenous societies. within the context of the great impression that the biblical files have had at the global within the last 2,000–3,000 years, the publication additionally bargains guidelines in the direction of interpreting those texts today. This quantity is an engaging learn of this article, and may be of curiosity not just to biblical students, yet to a person with an curiosity within the historical past of the traditional Levant, and colonisation and colonialism within the historic international extra broadly.

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