Man and Wound in the Ancient World: A History of Military - download pdf or read online

By Richard A. Gabriel

Wounds and disorder have been as devastating at the battlefields of the traditional global as they're at the present time. In an age of bloody wrestle, how did physicians and medics do something about arrow accidents, spear and sword gashes, dysentery, and an infection with out some great benefits of anesthesia or sleek clinical expertise?

In this compelling quantity, army historian Richard A. Gabriel explores the long-hidden international of old army medication from 4000 BC to advert 1453 to bare its unusually refined physique of data, perform, and method. Ranging largely from the deserts of North Africa, around the plains of India and Persia, to the mountains of Europe and Asia Minor, this ebook examines clinical historical past from the Bronze Age in the course of the center a long time. by means of revealing long-forgotten scientific secrets and techniques, Dr. Gabriel indicates how historical civilizations’ applied sciences have encouraged sleek scientific practices.

Comprehensive, considerate, occasionally photo, and continuously obtainable, Man and Wound within the historic World could be welcomed by means of an individual who desires to find out how today’s clinical miracles construct upon these of the past.

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Download e-book for iPad: Ancient Fiction (Routledge Revivals): The Novel in the by Graham Anderson

By Graham Anderson

A variety of historical novelists have been skilful storytellers and creative literary artists, and their works are usually rigorously individualised displays of an old and wonderful heritage.


Ancient Fiction, first released in 1984, examines the stories retold by means of those novelists in gentle of extra lately found close to japanese texts, and during this means bargains a tentative strategy to Rohde’s celebrated challenge in regards to the origins of the Greek novel. one of the surprises that emerge are an old stratum of the Arabian Nights and a potential Tristan-Romance, in addition to an animal Satyricon and a human Golden Ass.


This new framework is, besides the fact that, incidental to an exam of the achievements of old novelists of their personal correct. In featuring personality, structuring narrative, implementing a veneer of class or contriving a spiritual ethos, those writers reveal that their paintings is precious of sympathetic learn, particularly dismissal because the pulp fiction of the traditional global.

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Download e-book for iPad: Augustine and his Critics (Christian Origins Library) by George Lawless,Robert Dodaro

By George Lawless,Robert Dodaro

Augustine of Hippo (AD 354-430) is arguably the main debatable Christian philosopher in background. His positions on philosophical and theological matters were the themes of extreme scrutiny and feedback from his lifetime to the present.
Augustine and his Critics gathers twelve experts' responses to trendy criticisms of his concept, masking: own and spiritual freedom; the self and God; sexuality, gender and the physique; spirituality; asceticism; cultural stories; and politics.
Stimulating and insightful, the gathering deals forceful arguments for overlooked ancient, philosophical and theological views that are in the back of a few of Augustine's so much unpopular convictions.

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Read e-book online Äsop und die Fabel - Gattung und Funktion der Fabel im PDF

By Sonja Denefleh

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, observe: 1,0, Universität Duisburg-Essen (Historisches Institut), Veranstaltung: Geschichte in Biographien. Berühmte Persönlichkeiten der griechischen Antike, 15 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Es scheint paradox, dass über Äsop, einer der bekanntesten Griechen der Antike, nur sehr wenig überliefert wurde. Die gängige Assoziation mit der individual Äsop ist jedoch, dass er der Begründer bzw. der Hauptvertreter der Fabel sei. Doch selbst das ist eigentlich schon zu viel gesagt, da diese Aussage ja suggeriert, er habe tatsächlich gelebt, used to be jedoch gar nicht eindeutig beweisbar ist. Die Beweislage ob Äsop additionally tatsächlich gelebt hat oder nur eine Personifikation des Prototyps eines hellenistischen Fabelerzählers sei, ist additionally sicherlich ein Aspekt den es zu untersuchen gilt.
Aufgrund dieser Problemlage der fehlenden geschichtlich gesicherten Fakten über die individual Äsops, werde ich mit dieser Arbeit einen anderen Weg einschlagen und versuchen, durch die Kultur und die Funktion der Fabel zur Zeit Äsops Rückschlüsse auf seine individual und seine Fabeln zu schließen. Zunächst werde ich, neben einem kurzen Einblick in Gattung und Herkunft der Fabel, auch auf die Funktion der Fabel in der Gesellschaft des antiken Griechenlands eingehen und dabei auf die Kontroverse um Karl Meuli, Theophil Spoerri und Ben Edwin Perry eingehen, ob die Fabel eine „soziale Funktion“, als Äußerung der Auflehnung des Schwachen gegenüber des Stärkeren verkörpert oder lediglich als rhetorisches Mittel zur Argumentation genutzt wurde.
Diese Arbeit wird sich dabei, neben den oben schon genannten Autoren, hauptsächlich auf die Ausführungen des Altphilologen Niklas Holzberg stützen, der als einer der Experten im Bereich der antiken Fabel gilt.

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In moerassen en donkere wouden (Dutch Edition) - download pdf or read online

By Tacitus,Vincent Hunink

Tacitus beschrijft in zijn grote geschiedwerken meestal de politieke realiteit. Daarnaast richt hij zijn aandacht op onherbergzaam gebied aan de randen van het rijk, waar een beschaafde Romein eigenlijk niets te zoeken had. Lezen we Tacitus' teksten in één bundel bij elkaar, dan ontstaat een uniek beeld van het barre, noordelijke deel van Europa in de Romeinse tijd. Dit boek, dat vertalingen bevat van delen uit Annalen, Historiën, Germanen en Agricola biedt een gedetailleerde beschrijving van de Germanen en het gebied waar ze wonen. En van Romeinse militaire avonturen in dat deel van het rijk. In moerassen en donkere wouden laat zien dat de Germanen primitieve, bierdrinkende dobbelaars zijn. Maar ook onvervaarde krijgers, voor wie de Romeinen maar beter kunnen oppassen. Tacitus vertelt over muiterijen en opstanden, ook binnen de Romeinse legioenen, over wrede moordpartijen en complotten in de woeste landen voor en achter de Rijn. Geen ask yourself dat Rome daarop nooit volledig greep kreeg...

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Download PDF by Alfred S. Bradford: Leonidas and the Kings of Sparta: Mightiest Warriors,

By Alfred S. Bradford

This pivotal background of the kings of Sparta not just describes their serious management in battle, but in addition records the waxing and waning in their social, political, and spiritual powers within the Spartan state.

• various translations through the writer of unique resources

• Chronology heritage from the Dorian Invasion (ca. a thousand BC) to the final king of Sparta (mid-2nd century BC)

• Illustrations of the kings of Sparta, gods, and heroes, in addition to diagrams of battles and relations bushes

• Maps of Laconia, the Peloponnesus, and Greece

• A bibliography containing historic and sleek resources for Sparta

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Leonard W. King's Babylonian Magic and Sorcery: Being the Prayers of the PDF

By Leonard W. King

First released in 1896, King provides the cuneiform textual content of a bunch of 60 clay drugs inscribed with prayers and non secular compositions of a devotional and magical personality. those drugs have been created by means of the scribes of Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria, among 669-625 b.c., and are presently a part of the Kuyunjik assortment within the British Museum. King's illustrations characteristic a transliteration of every capsule with an English translation of well-preserved passages.

King features a Babylonian-English thesaurus, an inventory of right names and numerals with their corresponding cuneiform inscriptions, and an inventory of phrases and be aware parts of doubtful translation.


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Get Army and Society in Ptolemaic Egypt (Armies of the Ancient PDF

By Christelle Fischer-Bovet

this is often the single sizeable and up to date reference paintings at the Ptolemaic military. making use of Greek and Egyptian papyri and inscriptions, and development on ways constructed in state-formation idea, it bargains a coherent account of ways the altering constructions of the military in Egypt after Alexander's conquest ended in the improvement of an ethnically extra built-in society. a brand new tripartite department of Ptolemaic heritage demanding situations the assumption of sluggish decline, and emphasizes the reshaping of army buildings that happened among c.220 and c.160 BC according to alterations within the nature of battle, mobilization and demobilization, and fiscal constraints. An research of the socio-economic function performed by means of squaddies allows a reassessment of the cleruchic approach and exhibits how squaddies' institutions generated interethnic workforce harmony. by means of integrating Egyptian proof, Christelle Fischer-Bovet additionally demonstrates that the relationship among the military and native temples provided new methods for Greeks and Egyptians to interact.

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Read e-book online The Splintered Divine: A Study of Istar, Baal, and Yahweh PDF

By Spencer L. Allen

This booklet investigates the problem of the singularity as opposed to the multiplicity of historic close to japanese deities who're identified by way of a standard first identify yet differentiated by means of their final names, or geographic epithets. It focuses totally on the Ištar divine names in Mesopotamia, Baal names within the Levant, and Yahweh names in Israel, and it truly is established round 4 key questions: How did the ancients outline what it intended to be a god - or extra pragmatically, what sort of therapy did a character or item have to obtain so that it will be thought of a god by means of the ancients? Upon what bases and in response to which texts do glossy students make certain whilst a character or item is a god in an old tradition? In what methods are deities with either first and final names taken care of an identical and in a different way from deities with merely first names? below what conditions are deities with universal first names and diversified final names recognizable as targeted self reliant deities, and less than what conditions are they simply neighborhood manifestations of an overarching deity? The conclusions drawn in regards to the singularity of neighborhood manifestations as opposed to the multiplicity of self reliant deities are particular to every person first identify tested based on the information and texts to be had for every divine first name.



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Download e-book for iPad: Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition: Studies by Henry Chadwick

By Henry Chadwick

This enlightening research examines the connection of the early Christians to the classical culture. in keeping with the paintings of the Christian thinkers, Justine, Clement of Alexandria, and Origen, and current pagan feedback of the Church, the e-book illustrates how rejection of the classical culture mixed with profound attractiveness of its humanism have been synthesized through the early Church.

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