Download PDF by Ophelia De Laine Gona: Dawn of Desegregation: J. A. De Laine and Briggs v. Elliott

By Ophelia De Laine Gona

on the vanguard of a brand new period in American heritage, Briggs v. Elliott used to be one of many first 5 college segregation proceedings argued consecutively earlier than the U.S. excellent court docket in 1952. The ensuing collective 1954 landmark determination, referred to as Brown v. Board of schooling of Topeka, struck down legalized segregation in American public colleges. The genesis of Briggs was once in 1947, while the black group of Clarendon County, South Carolina, took motion opposed to the abysmally bad academic prone supplied for his or her young children. In a circulate that might outline him as an early—although unsung—champion for civil rights justice, Joseph A. De Laine, a pastor and college primary, led his friends to problem South Carolina's "separate yet equivalent" perform of racial segregation in public colleges. Their lawsuit, Briggs, supplied the impetus that ended in Brown.

In this engrossing memoir, Ophelia De Laine Gona, the daughter of Reverend De Laine, turns into the 1st to quote and credits accurately the forces liable for submitting Briggs. in accordance with De Laine's writings and papers, witness tales, and the author's own wisdom, Gona's account fills a niche in civil rights background through supplying a poignant insider's view of the occasions and personalities—including NAACP legal professional Thurgood Marshall and federal district pass judgement on J. Waties Waring—central to this trailblazing case.

Though De Laine and the courageous mom and dad who filed Briggs v. Elliott first and foremost misplaced their lawsuit in district courtroom, the case grew in importance whilst the plaintiffs appealed the choice to the U.S. excellent court docket. 3 years after the attraction, the Briggs case was once one of many 5 court cases that shared the historical Brown choice. despite the fact that, the ruling didn't hinder De Laine and his kin from pain vicious reprisals from vindictive white voters. In 1955, after he used to be shot at and his church was once burned to the floor, De Laine prudently fled South Carolina to be able to keep his existence. He died in exile in Charlotte, North Carolina, in 1974. Fifty years after the very best Court's selection, De Laine used to be offered the Congressional Gold Medal in acceptance of his function in reshaping the yankee civil rights panorama.

Those attracted to justice, human rights, and management, in addition to within the civil rights circulation and South Carolina social heritage, might be enthusiastic about this inspiring story of the way one man's unassailable ethical personality, uncooked braveness, and steely fortitude encouraged a gaggle of humble humans to develop into tools of switch and set in movement a corrective strength that revolutionized the legislation and social practices of a nation.

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Dawn of Desegregation: J. A. De Laine and Briggs v. Elliott by Ophelia De Laine Gona


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